Unsupported browser

For a better experience please update your browser to its latest version.

Your browser appears to have cookies disabled. For the best experience of this website, please enable cookies in your browser

We use cookies to personalise your experience; learn more in our Privacy and Cookie Policy. You can opt out of some cookies by adjusting your browser settings; see the cookie policy for details. By using this site, you agree to our use of cookies.

Now that the Garden Bridge is staring into the abyss, what might replace it?

Catherine Slessor

You have to go back to 1875 to find a decent civic proposal for the Thames, says Catherine Slessor

Just what is it about the River Thames that brings out the worst in the quintessentially English capacity for inept folies de grandeur? The obvious example is the preposterous and profligate Garden Bridge, now looking fatally compromised by its assorted entanglements and so doomed to remain an elusive glint in the eyes of its blond ambitionists. Wrong bridge, wrong place, wrong time, wrong financial model.

But cast your eye up and down the Thames and other grotesques obligingly heave into view. There’s the London Eye, an inelegant throwback to Vienna’s original cinematic fairground wheel. You can’t imagine Harry Lime delivering the killer existentialist ‘cuckoo clock’ line in a glacially slow-moving pod full of gawping tourists and sozzled hen parties. There’s the hectically over-engineered Hungerford Footbridge, when British architecture was in full-on ‘Hello sailor’ mode and people had a thing for tensile wires and clusters of vaguely nautical masts.

You can’t imagine Harry Lime delivering the killer ‘cuckoo clock’ line in a glacially slow-moving pod full of gawping tourists and sozzled hen parties

Further downstream lies another tensile wet dream, the Millennium Dome, now the O2 Arena, little more than a glorified wedding marquee or giant prosthetic boob. Its mammalian contours are now overshadowed by the neighbouring Emirates Air Line, Boris Johnson’s vanity cable car project constructed for the 2012 Olympics, and possibly the most fatuous way of traversing the Thames ever devised. And don’t get me started on Tower Bridge, possibly the worst and definitely the largest example of mushy Victorian pseudo-medievalism. Fun fact: only the Queen is eligible for a fully engorged, 90 degree opening of Tower Bridge. Commoners have to make do with lesser angles.

London’s river has begotten a shocking Carnival of Horrors but at least a real carnival moves on, eventually. So, now that the Garden Bridge is staring into the abyss, what, if anything, might replace it? What would be civic, convivial and make the most of the river as a natural resource?

Here, history comes to the rescue. In 1875 the Charing Cross Floating Bath was opened on the Thames at Hungerford Bridge. Essentially a water-filled barge enclosed by a standard Victorian glasshouse, this massive, floating swimming pool was a curiosity of its age. Engravings of the time show moustachioed bathers in chastely voluminous trunks (invariably, it was men only) enjoying vigorous bouts of plashing in its agreeable watery milieu. Its backers hoped it would be the first in a series of floating baths along the Thames, but it was not to be and it closed in 1884.

The floating swimming bath in the thames at charing cross

The floating swimming bath in the thames at charing cross

Floating swimming bath in the Thames at Charing Cross, 1875-1884

Evolving from converted boats, floating baths were an 18th century European invention. Today, if you want to swim in a floating bath you have to go to Paris, where the Piscine Joséphine Baker, which opened in 2006, caters for bathers all year round with its retractable roof and generous sun decks. In summer it is mobbed, a sybaritic and democratic refuge from the heat and stress of city life.

Compared with the Garden Bridge’s stratospheric £185 million budget, a floating pool works out at a mere £11 million

There have been various attempts at devising a contemporary version of the Charing Cross Floating Bath. Most recently, architects at Studio Octopi, who are also hoping to reinstate Peckham’s long-lost lido, have been developing a proposal for Thames Baths, a floating pool moored at the Victoria Embankment. It would charge local community pool rates (around a fiver) and its sun decks would be free to use. Compared with the Garden Bridge’s stratospheric £185 million budget, a floating pool works out at a mere £11 million. For the cost of one Garden Bridge you could build an entire chain of Thames Baths, illuminating the river banks with accessible, modern oases of pleasure and healthfulness.

From being declared ‘biologically dead’ in 1957, the Thames has since spectacularly recovered its ecological equilibrium, with clean water and thriving marine life. If only it could recover its architectural equilibrium.


Readers' comments (5)

  • Studio Octopi

    Thanks for your support Catherine. We're getting so close to a planning application now but still need all the support (& £) we can muster. The Baths preferred location is now along the South Bank rather than the Victoria Embankment for various reasons.

    Unsuitable or offensive? Report this comment

  • Now is in fact a very exciting time for the Thames and how people engage with it in London. The Thames Clipper ferry service is booming, with new stops, such as Plantation Wharf being added to its route. The Thames Path is a fantastic linear park which with each new link becomes more legible and useful, opening up new views of the river and city whilst encouraging walking and cycling. The future Floating Baths will be a great addition, as will the Rotherhithe Crossing and the Diamond Jubilee Bridge (both of which are making progress after many years of work in the background). There are also plans for a Thames Promenade, a planted public link between Barnes and Chiswick which reuses an existing railway viaduct and some early conversations about a pedestrian and cycle link between Ham and Twickenham. All these projects may be relatively small and to some perhaps even parochial when compared to the grand statement that the Garden Bridge set out to be. However, these locally orientated interventions when seen as a whole represent an increased engagement with the river that is subtly enhancing our relationship and familiarity with it.

    Unsuitable or offensive? Report this comment

  • I'd forgotten that Boris was responsible for the Greenwich cable car - who knows what impact his future follies as Foreign Secretary might have on British architecture?

    Unsuitable or offensive? Report this comment

  • Thames Baths "preferred location is now along the South Bank"? This is one of the very genuine reasons why people are objecting to the Garden Bridge i.e. it would bring more overcrowding to an area already bursting with tourists. How about putting it where it's (more) needed? The South Bank already has over 25 attractions within a 2 mile stretch of the Thames and 26 million visitors each year.

    More needs to be done to spread the load and divert attention from the overloaded playground of zone 1 (which is just as much a residential area as well), to areas that need regenerating and revitalising along the river and or better still, beyond. Look at how successful the King's Cross Pond Club is; let's be innovative in ways that transform our grey/brown sites rather than cluttering up the Thames.

    Unsuitable or offensive? Report this comment

  • What a stroke of luck - Barnes has another one all ready and waiting! Oh and isn't there yet another one at Blackfriars? Any more redundant bridges available for the green highline treatment? I'm sure I had one around here somewhere............

    Unsuitable or offensive? Report this comment

Have your say

You must sign in to make a comment

Please remember that the submission of any material is governed by our Terms and Conditions and by submitting material you confirm your agreement to these Terms and Conditions.

Links may be included in your comments but HTML is not permitted.

Related Jobs

Discover architecture career opportunities. Search and apply online for your dream job.
Find out more