Architects’ designs for student accommodation must factor in students’ mental wellbeing, says Sheppard Robson’s Clayre Massey
Research highlights that around half of students going to university see themselves as customers. The ’student-client’ has arisen from the higher price of education, and has led to a growing scrutiny of the quality of facilities on campuses. Universities have responded by increased investment in many aspects of campus life, with directors of estates using design to attract students in an increasingly international marketplace.
But have student residences kept pace with shifting requirements? A typology that often conjures up images of tired halls of residences, student accommodation is surely a fundamental way of boosting the student experience, shaping mental wellbeing and breaking down the perceived barriers of going to university. Where students live holds the key to making the whole university experience more inclusive.
We have seen a new generation of premium products launched in the student living market, mostly by private providers. These have been a valuable source of new ideas by offering a greater range of spaces and amenities that cater for individual preferences, promoting new standards of wellbeing. But these facilities – and the improvements in lifestyle they encourage – should not be an optional extra for those with higher budgets; instead, we should be looking at how new developments can offer quality to all.
Key to this reappraisal of student residences is moving away from the ’one size fits all’ approach; efficiency is of course important, but standardisation should not come at the expense of wellbeing. There is change afoot – no longer are we seeing student residences as purely pragmatic accommodation, but as something that offers more choice, to tackle issues such as mental health.
If we take a prospective student with an anxiety-related condition, the often intensely social atmosphere of student halls might be a reason why they would choose to live at home or perhaps not go to university at all. However, if they had greater choice of accommodation, the student could select the right sized apartment for them, which would be supported by a greater range of services and carefully considered social spaces. This ability to choose is currently in too short supply.
Greenbank Student Village by Sheppard Robson
Source: Adrian Lambert
It is not just those with diagnosed mental health conditions who need support and choice. Students are incurring more debt and are placing significant pressure on themselves to gain the qualifications that enable them to secure a job in an increasingly competitive and uncertain jobs market. Put simply, students are working harder. But are their homes, their spaces of refuge working harder for them?
Architects have a significant part to play in tackling what some have called a student mental health crisis, and an alarming number of suicides among students at universities. While increased workload, debt and social media have been considered as reasons for debate on mental health, surely the safety and comfort of where they live has to be considered?
Students have a right to live in places that have carefully considered what is needed to protect their emotional wellbeing. This hinges on choice; creating spaces where students have private areas but also opportunities to be part of a community. This involves more thought than just providing a kitchen; a rethinking of how the design of students’ homes can bring people with a multitude of backgrounds together in smarter ways.
This is the time for improvement. Not only do we have student expectations and increased competition in the marketplace, but we also have student unions and satisfaction surveys, which are increasingly engaged with living conditions and the cost of accommodation. Architects have an obligation to make the most of this momentum for change and turn their talents to a building type that has been neglected by many. We need fresh thinking and bold new ideas to ensure that efficiency never becomes an obstacle to protecting the welfare of our students.
Clayre Massey is an associate at Sheppard Robson