By showing us that major changes in behaviour are possible, the pandemic might help point the way to saving the planet says Maria Smith
This pandemic is not nature fighting back; this is not a war against the virus or against nature. This is us – part of nature – feeling the terrible effects of ravaging our own life support systems.
Demand for resources – from limestone for cement to lithium for smartphones – incentivises the invasion of tropical forests and wild landscapes for mining, logging, road-building, intensive farming, and other destructive land use shifts. This degrades landscapes and disrupts ecosystems. The species that survive are crowded together, enabling pathogens to jump from species to species, including humans. Our globalised society distributes infectious diseases very effectively and high pollution levels make it difficult to recover.
Perhaps it’s a terrible thing to say, but it could be Covid-19 that saves us from extinction. We’ve already learnt that previously unconscionable behaviour change is possible and is effective. Nitrogen dioxide and particulate levels have dropped by almost half in London, Birmingham, and Bristol. Studies are even suggesting that the number of deaths caused by coronavirus could be outnumbered by the early deaths prevented through having cleaner air.
Studies suggest the number of deaths caused by coronavirus could be outnumbered by early deaths prevented through having cleaner air
The reduction in driving, flying and industry has slashed carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere as did the 2008 financial crash, the recession in the early 80s and even the black death. This correlation between economic activity and environmental indicators is well documented and while we may not like it, we can’t keep ignoring it.
We must break the cycle of disaster capitalism, whose forces will prioritise short-term economic recovery and a return to ‘normal’ over tackling our systemic reluctance to live within the planet’s carrying capacity. To prepare for this, let’s frame the lockdown behaviours we’ve managed to quickly adopt, not as temporary inconveniences but as proofs of concept for more sustainable ways of living.
Can the long-anticipated move to remote working allow us to address the housing affordability crisis? More than 70 per cent of the annual housebuilding target could be met with the 216,000 empty (empty, not ‘second’) homes in England. Being mostly concentrated in the Midlands, the North, and far west as opposed to affluent London and the South East, they’re considered in the ‘wrong’ place. What if we could respect the hard-won embodied energy of existing buildings in all their beautiful locations instead of throwing money at the richest regions in the hopes that they’ll make us the biggest returns? What if we could follow the resources, instead of the money?
If we recognise that this crisis is part of the wider ecological emergency, then we will emerge from it less afraid of inconvenience
The surge of mutual aid groups reveals that we have the resourcefulness and co-operation to prioritise collective action over every-man-for-himself consumerism. What if neighbourhood planning was based around a web of local networks proven to distribute skills and scarce resources? Couldn’t this also make us happier as we’re rewarded for helping our neighbours with a lovely shot of endorphins!
We were expecting floods and fires, not pestilence. The error of the ‘climate change’ branding rears its head again. It isn’t just ‘change’, it’s a looming catastrophe. It isn’t just ‘climate’, it’s our entire planetary health. But if we recognise that this crisis is part of the wider ecological emergency, and recognise the long-term value in the changes we’re making, then when we emerge, blinking into the pubs and public spaces, we will emerge less afraid of inconvenience and change, better able to empathise with those with fewer safety nets, and better able help each other through difficult transitions.
The future was never going to be graphene and fibreglass and AI chips in our retinas. The new normal will be an endorphin-fuelled vision of the good life. The new normal will be a careful reconfiguring of activity within fabric of the old. Who will help us realise this new normal? Does anyone know any architects?
Maria Smith is an architect and engineer