The independent environmental campaign group's study will address a number of its key priorities for eradicating disparities between England's regions. These include job distribution, home provision and its impact on transport, energy use, communications and economic growth.
TCPA director Gideon Amos said: 'Successful nations require visionary forward planning. The right strategy for England is intrinsically bound up with the future of the surrounding international community.'
An 18-strong commission, which includes developers, and local and central government politicians, will inform the inquiry. The public is invited to submit evidence from 16 February.
A report on the inquiry's findings will be produced by the end of the year.
Amos continued: 'The Celtic Tiger economies of Scotland, Wales and Ireland, and northern France, all now have a national vision to guide crucial decisions about transport links, ports, airports and other strategic development.
'England must do the same if it is not to be left behind in development terms. It is time we began to create a vision, debated across all the regions, of where we and our government want this country to be in 10 or 20 years' time,' he added.