London mayor Sadiq Khan today committed to provide three new Thames crossings and undertake feasibility work for two more
Khan promised to press ahead with the proposed Silvertown Tunnel, while saying a series of ‘enhancements’ would make it greener and more focused on public transport.
In a bid to fend off criticism from environmental campaigners who oppose the crossing, he also announced a new Docklands Light Railway crossing at Gallions Reach and a new pedestrian bridge to link Rotherhithe with Canary Wharf.
Khan said: ‘It’s no secret that London has long needed more river crossings in the east. With new homes and economic growth across East London, it becomes even more important that we deliver new greener transport links that allow Londoners to cross the river quickly and more easily.
‘But we don’t want these to have a damaging impact on our environment, and that’s why I’ve reviewed and improved plans for Silvertown Tunnel and why I’m pushing forward with crossings that encourage public transport, walking and cycling.’
At present, only one of London’s 34 bridges are east of Tower Bridge – the high level Darford Crossing - and Terry Farrell has argued that more lower level crossings are needed to speed up regeneration in the Thames Gateway (see below).
In an article for Architects’ Journal last year, he said that low-level bridges, which lift to let tall ships through, are ‘a much cheaper alternative which connect communities through cycling and walking.
‘They would act as instant catalysts for mixed-use development on either side of the river and turbocharge existing plans for areas like the Royal Docks and Thamesmead.’
The new DLR crossing would help support development of around 17,000 homes in the boroughs of Newham and Greenwich, Khan said.
He has also asked Transport for London to look at developing a new ferry between Canary Wharf and North Greenwich to support development on the Greenwich Peninsula and the Isle of Dogs.
It will also study the case for an extension of the London Overground from Barking Riverside across the Thames towards South East London.
David Leam, infrastructure director at business organisation London First, said: “Better river crossings will help unlock the economic potential of East and South East London and connect thousands of new homes in Newham, Barking, Greenwich and elsewhere. We’re delighted the Mayor has sped up these plans, aiming to deliver new ways of getting across the river within the next five to ten years.”
However, Friends of the Earth London campaigner Sophie Neuburg criticised the decision to push ahead with the Silvertown tunnel.
She said: ‘The mayor’s support for this road crossing is terrible for the local community.
‘Far from being green, extra traffic from the new road tunnel would mean worse congestion, and more pollution in this part of London.
‘Sadiq Khan won’t keep his pledge to tackle London’s deadly air pollution by funneling more vehicles into the capital.’
Farrell: ‘Why are we not building new bridges in East London?’ [from AJ 15.11.15]
One of the most important conclusions from the Farrell Review was the need for more proactive planning in this country. With predictions that a city the size of Birmingham will be added to London’s population in the next 10 years, this has become even more critical for the capital to grow and maintain its quality of life at the same time.
It was in this context that I was asked to launch RTPI London’s new Mayoral series at the NLA, and to offer my thoughts on priorities for the new mayor.
A number of recommendations from the review have been adopted by the GLA, like the PLACE Review panel recently set up for Old Oak Common. But there is more that can be done by the public and private sectors working together to solve the big issues.
For example, why aren’t there any low-level river crossings in east London? Having worked with Buro Happold on our own, self-funded research into this issue, we were struck by the fact that only high-level bridges or tunnels are currently being consulted on for East London. Both of these options have long approach ramps and connect cars with roads, effectively sterilising the river banks.
However low-level bridges, which lift a few times a day to let tall ships past, are a much cheaper alternative which connect communities through cycling and walking. They would act as instant catalysts for mixed-use development on either side of the river and turbocharge existing plans for areas like the Royal Docks and Thamesmead.
I was shocked to learn that of the 34 bridges in London only one of them is east of Tower Bridge – and it is a high-level bridge. It’s no wonder that regeneration has been happening at a much slower pace and that the majority of opportunity areas identified as ‘difficult to bring forward without support from the GLA’ are in East London.
Only one of the 34 bridges in London is east of Tower Bridge
We’ve started discussions with the Port of London Authority about these proposals and hope to bring all of the stakeholders together at an event in the new year.
Another independent initiative which has really caught the imagination – and which we are supporting and advising on – is the idea of making London a National Park City. Self-proclaimed guerrilla geographer Daniel Raven-Ellison has proved how effective thought leadership can be by campaigning tirelessly to get this on the agenda for policymakers, including the GLA and mayoral candidates.
For me, the idea goes to the heart of a key issue and widely held misconception that new development diminishes access to and quality of public space. In fact, the opposite is true. The regeneration of previously industrial areas like Greenwich Peninsula and the Pool of London, which were gated and completely inaccessible to the public, have opened up miles of new riverside walks and landscape. Urban London has created a biodiversity that exceeds much of the countryside around it, particularly rural areas which have been depleted of hedgerows and damaged by pesticides.
There are 4 million back gardens in London which have been created as a result of built development. With 8 million trees there is almost one per person, and any new mayor could pledge a new tree for every new resident in the years to come. These ideas are powerful for all sorts of reasons, not least education and the ability of schoolchildren to interact with the richness of nature that surrounds them.
More than 47 per cent of London is green space which makes it truly exceptional for a World City. Let’s celebrate London’s assets and plan intelligently and proactively for the future.