The scheme, which will become one of the largest mixed-use developments in the country, will include two hotels, apartments, offices and retail space.
Catering for up to 2,000 delegates, the centre will sit within a new public park on the eastern outskirts of the city.
Describing the scheme, RMJM design director Gordon Affleck said: 'The primary role of the convention centre is to communicate not only with those using it, but to communicate with the surrounding environment.
'The exterior of the building includes giant projection screens that will be used to display live events and speeches occurring within the centre or at the public cultural plaza.'
The project is the latest in a line of major successes for the practice in Asia. As well as the World Bengal Tower, which is also in Kolkata, the practice is also taking on schemes in China, such as the Beijing Olympic Exhibition complex and a twin towers development in Suzhou.