The site is adjacent to the first of the many Carnegie libraries, built by Dunfermline-born philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, and is also close to the historic Dunfermline Abbey and Abbot's House.
The most dramatic element of the design is a door that incorporates a section of the existing Grade B-listed facade of a former bank building. With the rest of the facade retained, the wall will look as if it is intact when the door is closed.
The main museum space at first-floor level incorporates framed views of nearby historic buildings. A rooftop café and education suite commands the panorama of the abbey and views out to the Firth of Forth.
Richard Murphy beat five other shortlisted practices in the Royal Institute of Architects in Scotland competition to win the commission: Malcolm Fraser, Gareth Hoskins, Make, Reiach & Hall, and Page\Park.
Murphy said: 'The prospect of designing a major museum space in such a place is very exciting and I personally hope to bring to the fore much of my academic work from my study on Scarpa's Castelvecchio museum in Verona into the exhibition design.'