Drawn up by a panel of experts including Zaha Hadid, Harry Seidler from Australia, Japan's Tadao Ando and UNESCO chief Federico Mayor, the shortlist features only one British entry - Stonehenge in Wiltshire.
The Colosseum in Rome, Moscow's Kremlin and the Statue of Liberty are also on the list, which has been whittled down from more than 70 original contenders.
It is now up to the public, who can vote for their favourite on the internet, to pick the final seven.
Swiss group the New 7 Wonders Foundation, which launched the campaign in 2000, expects the eventual winners to be announced during a live television show on January 1 next year.
Votes can be cast online at ww.new7wonders.com.
The shortlist for the new Seven Wonders of the World is:
Alhambra, Granada, Spain
Chichen Itza, Mexico
Christ Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro
The Colosseum, Rome, Italy
Easter Island statues, Chile
Eiffel Tower, Paris, France
Great Wall, China
Hagia Sophia, Turkey
Kyomizu Temple, Kyoto, Japan
Kremlin, Moscow Russia
Machu Picchu, Peru
Neuschwanstein Castle, Fussen, Germany
Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
Statue of Liberty, New York
Sydney Opera House, Australia
Taj Mahal, India