Awarded in recognition of a lifetime's work, the Royal Gold Medal is personally approved by the Queen and is given annually to a person or group whose influence has had an international effect.
Jack Pringle, RIBA president, said: 'I look forward to presenting Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron with the Royal Gold Medal. Their career has seen them move painlessly from being an experimental studio to a big practice without the work being diluted in any way.
'They reinvent everything with each new project and do it with such vigour. As teachers their influence on the current and future generations of architects is huge.'