The Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland (MOCA) cut an initial field of 14 firms down to six, including the London-based designers of the Yokohama Port Terminal.
None of the shortlisted firms have started designs yet. They were selected by museum bosses on the basis of their 'company CV'.
The new museum would be the focus of a new 'mixed-use and cultural corridor' called the university arts and retail district, on the campus of Case Western Reserve University.
Museum bosses are looking for an 'iconic, architecturally significant building that contributes to the daily life of the [district]', according to MOCA board president Harriet Warm.
She said: '[This design would knit] MOCA into the dynamic context of its physical and social surroundings.'
All the other practices on the shortlist are based in the US. They are: Michael Maltzan Architecture, Office dA, Reiser + Umemoto, SHoP Architects, and Studio MDA.
Foreign Office goes stateside with Cleveland museum shortlisting