The seven-sided building, which was completed in 1971, is described by English Heritage (EH) as 'the most ambitious theatre project of its day'.
Funded by the local authority and built as a repertory theatre for a resident company, the design of the building was 'directly influenced' by celebrated theatre designer Tyrone Guthrie and Tanya Moiseiwitsch.
According to EH, the theatre 'is of special architectural interest as one of a small number of innovative post-war theatres that are considered to be the most influential and architecturally distinguished of their generation'.
The report, which was submitted to the Department of Culture, Media and Sport as part of the listing process, goes on to say: '[The] Crucible commands a siginificant place in the history of theatre designs and development in post-war Britain and joins a varied group of listed public buildings at the heart of Sheffield city centre.'
The building is currently being revamped by Burrell Foley Fischer. However, it is understood the listing decision will not affect this overhaul.