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COP21 ends with historic climate deal

COP 21 Eiffel Tower
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World leaders have made an historic agreement at the end of the climate summit in Paris with a pact to reduce carbon emissions

The legally binding agreement, which comes into force in 2020, aims to curb global warming to less than 2C by the end of the century.

It is the first time all 195 nations have managed to come to an understanding seeing talks move on from those held in Copenhagen in 2009 where discussions failed as nations including China, India and South Africa were unwilling to sign up to conditions which they said could hamper economic growth.

Each country will now have to set an emissions reduction target through a climate plan and review these every five years.

The agreement will also offer £67 billion a year in climate aid for developing countries. This finance will help poorer countries switch from fossil fuels to renewable energy and help protect them from the dangers brought on by global warming such as flooding.

Laurent Fabius, president of the COP 21 UN Climate change conference and French foreign minister, said: ‘The Paris Agreement allows each delegation and group of countries to go back home with their heads held high. Our collective effort is worth more than the sum of our individual effort. Our responsibility to history is immense.’

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon added: ‘We have entered a new era of global cooperation on one of the most complex issues ever to confront humanity. For the first time, every country in the world has pledged to curb emissions, strengthen resilience and join in common cause to take common climate action. This is a resounding success for multilateralism.’

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