A major aim of the conference was to bring together the sometimes opposed perspectives of 'design' and 'conservation'. Here, the key themes became very important.
'Internationalisation' stressed the significance of the organisations set up in the optimistic period of peace after the Second World War - for example, the UN (Le Corbusier, Niemeyer, Harrison) and UNESCO (Breuer, Nervi and others) - intent on supporting a Modernist line.
The root term 'International Style' was also freely discussed, and the socialist-inspired notions of CIAM, Hitchcock and Gropius were seen to have coalesced into a new kind of 'corporate International Style', as well as a Modernism represented by government, state and local authorities. Internationalisation after 1945 became inextricably linked to concepts of Modernisation and, it would seem, to the ubiquitous nature of post-war America - a theme that speakers seemed reluctant to expand upon, with the exception of some Latin American delegates.