Not-for-profit organisation Archive (Architecture for Health In Vulnerable Environments) has unveiled five ‘healthy homes’ which are set to be built in disaster-hit Haiti
The competition-winning schemes, which were selected from more than 140 submissions, have been designed to limit the transmission of tuberculosis, which has become the second biggest infectious killer in Haiti after HIV/AIDS.
A year ago, the Caribbean country was devastated by a an earthquake which left 230,000 people dead and 1.6 million homeless.
According to Archive, the five winning designs showcase ‘many innovative ideas for improving the health of the local population’ and are also sensitive to the economic and cultural environment ‘being replicable, inexpensive and employing indigenous construction’.
The houses to be built are:
· Breathe House – designed by USA and UK team
· Maison Canopy – USA
· Shutter Dwelling – Italy
· Bois l’Etat – USA
· Cycle House – Dominican Republic
These designs are set to be built in the eastern coastal town of Saint-Marc in the Artibonite region for members of community organsiation the Foundation Esther Boucicault Stanislas (FEBS).
Peter Williams, founder of Archive said: ‘What has sadly been overlooked even prior to the earthquake is how housing improvements can address the root causes of poor health. We hope our project will empower Haitians in rebuilding their lives, but also we want to replicate this model in other countries – demonstrating that among the poorest, housing can be a central strategy for improving health.’
Full details of the winning teams
1st place: Breathe House (joint USA and UK team)
Anselmo Canfora (architect); Richard Guerrant (medical doctor); Ewan Smith (engineer); Galen Staengl (engineer); Michael Stoneking (architect);
Aja Bull-Richards, Sara Harper, Sally Lee, Nathan Parker, Chase Sparling-Beckley, Lauren Thompson (architecture students)
2nd place: Maison Canopy (USA)
Lilian Sherrard and Brook K. Sherrard (architects)
3rd place: Shutter Dwelling (Italy)
Marco Ferri (engineer); Giorgio Giannattasio (physician & immunologist); Sara Parlato, Roberto Pennachio, Andrea Tulisi (architects)
Honorable Mention: Bois l’Etat – the Architecture and Ecology of Healing (USA)
Gregory Canaras, Wayne Norbeck, Jordan Rogove (architects); Moya Brown, Lynn Dee Silver (public health specialists); Wendy Meguro, Junko Nakagawa (sustainability consultants); Patrick Cullina (horticulturalist); Erin Reisinger (structural engineer); Donald Chalfin (medical doctor)
Merit Award: Cycle House (Dominican Republic)
Henry Luis Oquet, Kenneth Lopez, Arlin Morales (architects); Pedro Almonte (engineer)
More information on the winners and the finalists can be found on the Archive website www.archiveinstitute.org. The winning entries will also be shown in traveling exhibitions this year..