Papers on the last of the themes, 'utopias', were among the most fascinating.
They concentrated on the fate of utopian ideals originating during the inter-war years, and on the visionary nature of the 'better world' post-war projects. These included a portrayal of the richness of the hippy counter-culture of the 1960s, and the sharing of counter-cultural views between Paris and the American Southwest, where ideas proliferated. These ranged from Buckminster Fuller's geodesic domes via Steve Bauer and Ant Farm to Paolo Soleri's Arcosanti. Other papers looked at the megastructures of Moshe Safdie at the Montreal Habitat exhibition, Kisho Kurokawa's Nagakin capsule tower in Tokyo, and various modern resorts.