Hattie Hartman explores the Deodoro Olympic cluster, designed by Brazilian practice Vigliecca & Associates, which is hosting 11 Olympic and four Paralympic sports at the 2016 Olympic Games
Located on steep terrain on a former military site approximately 15 miles north of Rio’s Olympic Park in Barra da Tijuca, the Deodoro Olympic cluster is one of four venue locations for the summer games.
With a capacity of more than 70,000 spectators, the 2 million m² Deodoro Olympic Park, masterplanned by local practice Vigliecca & Associates, repurposes several venues from the Pan American Games in 2007 and creates a 490,000m² public park which will remain in legacy as a recreational resource for ten surrounding neighbourhoods with a population of 1.5 million people.
The Deodoro masterplan is the result of an international competition held by the state of Rio de Janeiro in 2013. The Deodoro cluster is divided into three areas: zones A and B to the north and zone C to the south.
Zone A accommodates canoe slalom, BMX and mountain biking, grouped together as ‘radical’ sports. After the games, this area will be transformed into the legacy X-Park, the second largest public park in Rio, incorporating a skate park and elevated walking and running tracks. The canoe slalom and BMX facilities will remain as training centres for these sports.
The canoe slalom venue is the first artificial whitewater course in Brazil. Similar to the London 2012 venue, it is comprised of two channels, a 280m competition channel and a 210m training channel, and a 25,000m³ reservoir. Temporary stands accommodate 8,000 spectators during the games.
Incorporating a 350m circuit for women and a 400m track for men, the clay BMX track is composed of ripples on 10m intervals which give athletes the option of jumping or staying at ground level. A timber-lined start ramp is a distinguishing feature of the Rio BMX track. Temporary stands accommodate 7,500 spectators during the games. The Olympic BMX track will be retained in legacy for professional athletes and a beginner’s track will be built for public use.
A 4.9km-long Olympic Mountain Bike circuit will redesigned as a smaller circuit within the legacy park.
Zone B includes the legacy youth arena, the national shooting centre, and the temporary Deodoro stadium, aquatics centre and Olympic field hockey centre.
During the Games, the 66.5m single span youth arena will accommodate women’s basketball, modern pentathlon, fencing and wheelchair fencing with temporary stands for up to 5,800 people. In legacy, it will be a training centre for athletes with eight sports courts and 2,000 seats. The mechanical air conditioning and artificial lighting required during the games will be removed and the building will be naturally ventilated and daylit in legacy. Adjustable shading devices and screens on the façade control solar gain.
The National Shooting Centre 2007 designed by Bel Horizonte-based BCMF Arquitetos in 2007 for the Pan American Games has been refurbished Vigliecca & Associates to meet the standards of the International Shooting Sport Federation, provides additional seating. The final design accommodates 7,250 seats, of which 3,950 are permanent.
The Deodoro Stadium is a temporary facility with 15,000 seats to hosts rugby, modern pentathlon, and equestrian events.
The Olympic Field Hockey Centre consists of two arenas, a warm-up field and related facilities which will remain in legacy. Temporary stands will accommodate 11,900 spectators reduced to 2,500 seats after the games.
The Deodoro Aquatics Centre is a remodeling of a facility from the Pan American Games to install 2,000 temporary seats and update the mechanical plant.
Zone C includes the Olympic Equestrian Centre and related facilities, much of which was adapted from the Pan American Games. New stables, a veterinary clinic and three six-storey apartment blocks of 72 units will remain in legacy for military use.