The completion of the new chapel and visitor centre for Inagawa cemetery in Hyogo, Japan was marked with an opening ceremony held on 30 June
David Chipperfield Architects was commissioned by the Boenfukyukai Foundation to design a new building that comprises a chapel, visitor centre, memorial room and a number of ancillary facilities.
The chapel was designed as a place for thought and reflection and is open to visitors from all religious and cultural backgrounds.
Inagawa Cemetery is located on a steep site in the Hokusetsu Mountain Range of the Hyogo prefecture, approximately 40 kilometres north of Osaka. The cemetery is laid out across terraces and bisected by a monumental flight of steps leading up to a shrine at the highest point – an axis that orients the whole project.
The visitor centre and chapel are designed as a marked threshold between the outer world and a quieter space within for contemplation. Aligned with the central staircase, and as a counterpoint to the shrine, the visitor and chapel spaces are gathered around a courtyard. Visitors approach this space from an exterior platform that leads to a wide, framed central opening in the stepped south-east façade.
Ingawa cemetery sketch
Source: David Chipperfield Architects
The programme is formally arranged under a single, sloping roof plane, following the view line from the entrance up to the shrine. The rooms of the visitor centre open onto the courtyard garden while the secluded chapel remains separate. It can be reached via a discrete corridor, directly accessed from the outside or up a gentle ramp from the garden. An unadorned and quiet room with minimal heating and artificial lighting offers a non-denominational contemplative space, pure in its form. Relying on indirect sunlight from the gardens on either side, the chapel visitor finds seclusion and their focus is drawn to the essential rhythms of time through the natural indicators of daylight fluctuation and seasonal foliage changes. The planting of all the gardens is inspired by the palettes and textures of Japanese meadows and woodlands and a selection of grasses, shrubs and wildflowers are carefully juxtaposed.
On the diagonally opposite corner of the courtyard is the visitor centre. Two large rooms at the lower end of the roof provide for family gatherings and commemorations. The visitors lounge offers an informal area for resting and eating. The memorial room, which can be separated into three smaller rooms by pleated curtains made with washi paper on fabric, offers space for formal feasts after rituals.
The floors, walls and roof are formed as pure building elements and poured from the same earth-like red coloured concrete – honed for internal floors and ground and sandblasted for walkway walls and soffits – giving the overall structure a monolithic appearance. A range of furniture designed specifically for the project consisting of simple, informal painted wooden chairs, benches, tables can be re-arranged depending on the occasion.
Following the axial link between the two ends of the site, a rill carries water down the middle of the staircase from the top of the mountain directly towards the building. As it approaches the lower part of the staircase near the chapel, the running water slows and pools as it collects into a trough, then is diverted through a new underground channel under the site to the nearby canal.
Ingawa cemetery floor plan
Source: David Chipperfield Architects
Project start 2013
Construction start 2016
Gross floor area 500m²
Client Boenfukyukai Foundation
Architect David Chipperfield Architects London
Director in charge David Chipperfield
Project architect Matt Ball (design lead), Tom Herre (detail design, construction)
Lighting Viabizzuno Srl
Landscape architect Marcia Iwatate + Kamimura Landscape Architects
Signage Hayashi Takuma Design Office
Furniture Cassina IXC Ltd
Textile NUNO Corporation
Structural consultant Jun Sato Structural Engineering
MEP consultant ES Associates
Contractor and contact architect Obayashi Corporation
Associate architect Key Operation Inc. / Architects
Project manager Naoko Kawamura