ADAM Architecture has submitted plans for a 5,500-home garden village to the north of Fareham, Hampshire – one of 14 sites identified by the government in January
The outline planning application for the garden village of Welborne, submitted to Fareham Borough Council, also includes 1,857m² of commercial space, schools, healthcare facilities and green public spaces.
Hugh Petter, director of ADAM Architecture, said the intention of the design is that it ’should feel like it belongs to the local area’.
’We have undertaken detailed studies of the surrounding towns and villages, looking at the characteristics of both architectural and urban form,’ he added. ’It will be familiar yet distinctive, with an appropriate palette of materials and details, and with a strong sense of place.’
The 400ha village is backed by Hampshire-based Buckland Development, which owns the majority of land on the site. AECOM has led the masterplanning of the project since 2008.
The plans also include infrastructure improvements for the area, such as upgrade works to the A32, new distributor roads within the development and improvements to Junction 10 of the M27 motorway.
AECOM director Patrick Clarke said: ‘As one of the first 21st-century garden villages, Welborne represents a new generation of sustainable communities.
‘Our masterplan combines the principles that inspired the UK’s original and ever popular garden cities with best practice design approaches appropriate for today’s context. We have integrated the best of the built and natural environments for Welborne’s future residents, and our plans lay the foundation for a place that will mature and improve over the long term.’
The community is one of 14 new garden villages announced by the government in January, along with three ‘garden towns’ at Aylesbury, Taunton and Harlow and Gilston. The government is investing £7.4 million to help build 200,000 new homes in the developments, which will be sited across England and have their own community facilities.
The garden villages will each include between 1,500 and 10,000 homes, and are expected to deliver more than 48,000 new units in total. Further garden village proposals may be put forward later this year.
The outline planning application for Welborne is expected to go to committee this summer. If approved, work is set to start on site in 2018, with the village expected to take more than 20 years to complete.
Other practices working on the new garden villages include Broadway Malyan, which is involved in masterplanning Dunton Hills in Essex and Longcross in Surrey and a significant part of the Harlow and Gilston garden town.
Garden cities were first conceived by visionary architect Ebenezer Howard, who set out plans for self-sufficient garden cities ringed by agricultural belts in 1898. Architect Raymond Unwin and his partner Barry Parker won the competition to lay out the first, Letchworth, in 1904.
Twenty-seven new towns drawing on garden city principles were built in the UK following the passing of the New Towns Act in 1946.
The government confirmed the development of a new 15,000-home garden city in Ebbsfleet in Kent as part of the 2014 Budget. The announcement also included the opening of a new development corporation to drive the creation of ‘spacious, attractive, high-quality places to live’ modelled on garden city principles.
Locations of the 14 new garden villages
- Long Marston, Stratford-upon-Avon
- Cotswolds, Oxfordshire
- Deenethorpe, Northamptonshire
- Culm, Devon
- Welborne, Hampshire
- West Carclaze, Cornwall
- Dunton Hills, Essex
- Spitalgate Heath, Lincolnshire
- Halsnead, Merseyside
- Longcross, Surrey
- Bailrigg, Lancaster
- Infinity Garden Village, Derbyshire
- St Cuthberts, Cumbria
- Handforth, Cheshire
Locations of the three new garden towns
- Aylesbury area, Buckinghamshire
- Taunton area, Somerset
- Harlow and Gilston, Essex-Hertfordshire border
Location Welborne, Fareham Hampshire
Type of project New Community, Garden Village
Client Buckland Development Ltd
Architect ADAM Architecture
Landscape architect AECOM
Planning consultant David Locke Associates
Site size 400ha
Start on site date 2018
Completion date After 2038