The Rowntree Foundation, a major housing think tank, has cautioned that such developments are in danger of failing.
The research adds that it was also important that the vision of the community was promoted and sustained by everyone who was involved in it, including those living in the properties.
And it also emphasises the importance of early and extensive masterplanning.
The work, which was produced by Professor Nick Bailey and other researchers from the School of Architecture and the Built Environment at the University of Westminster, is based on detailed evaluations of mixed housing estates across England and Scotland.
Bailey said: 'Tenure mix is an important prerequisite to a successful community, but so too are the masterplan, the design quality of the homes and public facilities such as parks, the quality of schools and access to jobs.
'In the end, the success of mixed developments depends on whether they are places where people choose to live, and whether the mix of tenures and range of sizes of homes is retained through responsive management practices in the long term.'