MIPIM 2014: Boris calls for more affordable housing for Londoners
London Mayor Boris Johnson, who scrapped the capital’s 50 per cent affordable housing target for new schemes in 2008, has urged developers to increase the number of low-cost homes in their projects
Speaking at the MIPIM international property fair in Cannes, Johnson also demanded that the development world joined him in a ‘new deal’ to sell London homes to Londoners first.
He said: ‘I’m looking to [the developers here] to help deliver 42,000 new homes a year. But I always want a higher quotient of affordable housing.’
He added: ‘I do not in any way want to deter international investment - you can see astonishing transformation in London thanks to international investment – and I recognize the important economic contributions migrants make to our city.
‘[But] you will understand however, I want Londoners to be able to live near where they work and to raise their families in our boroughs. I am therefore writing to ask you to sign up to my new Mayoral Concordat to promote home ownership for Londoners. This voluntary pledge recognises your commitment to market new homes first or first equal to Londoners. I hope your company can join other respected developers in giving this commitment.’
Speaking to the AJ about whether housing demand could be satisfied by building more tall buildings and converting more offices to homes he said: ‘I am not viscerally hostile to tall building at all. In their place they can be beautiful.
‘But it is very interesting the way they landmark the city and orientate you. The Shard is like a gnomon – it tells you where you are – it is an amazing thing.
‘But you can’t overdo it. You can’t pepper pot buildings around. And they have to be outstanding buildings.
He added: ‘I am keen on [office to homes] except where you lose office space. There are places [in the City] where you just cannot lose too much of your economic driver. You have to be a bit careful.’
Boris Johnson’s keynote speech
I want to congratulate all of you on the nerve you have shown in coming here once again because there are people in Britain who say that coming to MIPIM is just a junket and a jolly and there is always a bit of a mystery about what exactly MIPIM stands for may I push you in the Med?, meet me in the pool in a minute?, but I know what it stands for making important property investments for millions of Londoners on modest incomes and let me explain what I mean.
Six years ago I first came here and there were people saying that London was facing the gravest threat to its global position for 50 years – or even more.
They said that the global banking crisis would cost us our position as the financial capital of the world. They said that international investment would dry up, and that buyers would go elsewhere and in my first MIPIM someone told me that the message for London was that everyone was off . It was a case of Shanghai, Mumbai, Dubai and bye bye bye bye London, they said – we’re all off to Zurich or Zug or whatever.
Well look at us now. I don’t think there is a period in the modern history of London when international confidence has been so high or when the money has arrived in such a torrent from overseas….
I came down to look at the headlines the other day and the Times was “Putin snubs west” and the Guardian was “Ukraine crisis deepens” and the Telegraph was “Ukraine on brink” and the FT – with a true sense of priorities said “Ukraine crisis boosts London property market”. And yet we must also appreciate that there is a downside to this position – as the world’s favourite city, as the number one destination for oligarchic billions. And that is the pressure it puts on the domestic market – even if the perception of that pressure, when you look at the whole of the London market, is greater than the reality.
It is still the case that overseas property sales in London are running at about six or seven percent – no more than where they were in 1990 and in spite of those appalling images of neglect from Bishop’s Avenue, we have fewer empty homes in London than at any time since the 1970s.
But there can be no doubt that the cost of getting on the London housing ladder is higher than at any time in recent memory.
The sense of frustration is growing, and many people feel a sense of particular rage about one thing – that there are times when new homes in London are actually being marketed overseas before Londoners get a look in.
It cannot be right that people in great Asian capitals should be able to look at images of new London properties and put down cash – before Londoners even know that the opportunity is there. These homes are not there as a new kind of asset class, like old masters or diamonds or bullion. They are there as part of the living infrastructure of the city. Londoners depend on them. Our economy depends on them.
So I am pleased to announce today that 50 of London’s leading property developers have agreed a concordat - That they will stop the practice of marketing London homes exclusively overseas and they will insist that all such homes should be offered first – or at least simultaneously – to the UK market. And of course it is up to us to do everything in our power to ensure that Londoners are in a position to get those homes.
I am proud to say that we have built 70,000 over this mayoralty, and we are on target to build a record 100,000 – and I serve notice that when I see these great new schemes I want the buoyancy in the market to be properly reflected by a reasonable proportion of affordable homes.
But what we should not do is turn up our noses at foreign money, when so often it is that investment that allows us to deliver so many of the homes that Londoners need. Would it really be sensible to reject investment from Qatar, when Qatari Diar is responsible for the Olympic village of which 50 per cent is affordable? Should we say goodbye to the Dutch and American pension funds that are helping us to develop Elephant and Castle? Should we say no to the investment from Malaysia that is enabling us to renovate and regenerate the whole of Battersea power station and the area around it? Absolutely not, ladies and gents.
What is the oldest continuously occupied building in London? The tower of London – and that building came stone by honey-coloured stone from France, from Caen, to be exact. Are we going to send it back to France on the grounds that it represents foreign investment that the Anglo-Saxons didn’t exactly ask for? On the contrary, that building is now a major tourist attraction and stands for the city around it.
The answer is not to stick two fingers up to foreign investment – as I am urged to do by some people in London, but to harness that confidence to increase supply. We need 42,000 new homes a year, and we can do it, because we have the 33 opportunity areas, and we have the plans to trigger the development of those areas.
Let me give you a potted history of the future of London. Just in the next few years we are going to be launching or completing the following incredible transport projects:
- the Northern Line extension funded by Tifs
- Crossrail by 2018
- 2020 - a new tunnel at silvertown and further bridges to the east of Tower bridge
- 2028 - Crossrail two
- a new garden bridge that will transform the aldwych area
- extending the DLR and the Bakerloo line
- tunnelising the flyover at Hammersmith
Those schemes will help to unlock more housing – not for plutocrats, not for the uber-rich, but for the hundreds of thousands of Londoners who need it - and if you want examples of how transport infrastructure can make a difference look at what is happening at Old Oak or at the Olympic park or Greenwich or Croydon.
I flew over Paris last night by easyjet and I looked down and it looked pretty good I have to admit and my neighbour said well you can’t make your usual joke about how London is the seventh biggest French city in the world and I said you are right..it’s no longer the seventh or even the sixth it is now the fourth biggest French city on earth there are between 350,000 and 400,000 French men and women in London and how many Brits are there in Paris - 19,000! what does that tell us?
It tells us that London is winning on quality of life. We have better schools, we have better air quality we have beautiful bicycles everywhere and we are attracting some of the most talented people from around the world to take part in a rapidly changing and diversifying London economy. Our job is to build on that success, build on that confidence and use it to build hundreds of thousands of affordable homes for Londoners. That is what so many of you are doing here today. Thank you for your efforts. Let’s go faster and thanks for listening.