The list of 19 structures includes many sites associated with the Battle of Britain and the First World War air campaign.
The only Grade I building on the list is the underground bunker in Uxbridge containing the Group Operations Room from where the Fighter Group 11 was commanded in 1940 ( pictured).
Other interesting military buildings to make it on to the list include the 1910 Larkhill hangars, which were the site of the UK's first military airfield. They have been listed at Grade II*.
The listings are the result of a survey of military aviation sites by English Heritage, which included a process of consultation with the MOD, military historians and site owners.
Roger Bowdler, head of designation at English Heritage, said he was very pleased with the listing outcome.
'Powered flight transformed modern warfare. Britain's aviation structures form powerful witnesses to the world wars and to the role of the Royal Air Force in securing victory.
'The aeroplanes have generally departed, but the aerodromes remain. The hangars, officers' messes, technical buildings and defensive structures form moving ensembles that provoke remembrance and demand respect.
'Our recommendations are underpinned by considerable research, and we are proud to be recommending these special places for protection and appropriate re-use,' he added.
For a full list of the sites listed on Friday visit www.culture.gov.uk/global/press_notices