FIRE DESIGN: THE 12 ESSENTIAL PRINCIPLES
lWith the exception of joinery products, the building shall be constructed from building materials/products that will not make a significant contribution to the early stages of a fire or contribute to the spread of fire;
Premature structural collapse and excessive deflection shall be prevented; lThe building shall be constructed in such a manner that, if a fire starts, the extent of fire and smoke damage will be minimised and confined as close to the source of fire outbreak as is practical/feasible; lThere shall be adequate provision to prevent an arson attack; lThe building shall be so constructed that fire cannot spread into the premises from an adjoining building or other external fire source; lThe building shall be fitted with an appropriate automatic fire-alarm system; lThe fire-protection systems shall be regularly maintained so that they are able to perform their intended function throughout the life of the building; lThe building owner shall ensure an adequate standard of fire-safety management throughout the life of the building;
Consideration should be given at the design stage regarding potential damage from firefighting water and to ensure, as far as practical, that the effect on the environment of the fire effluent will be minimised;
As a minimum, all fire protection products shall be third-party certified to an appropriate product or performance-based standard (attestation level 1 for CE marking); All fire-protection products/systems shall be installed by adequately trained specialist installers; Any fuel-burning appliance and services or electrical appliance and services shall be designed, constructed and installed in a manner that reduces its potential as an accidental source of ignition.