Stand-in conference chair Paul Morrell reinforced comments raised about the 50 to 60 per cent of the working population who occupy offices. An improvement in office efficiency would therefore have a dramatic effect on the national economy. Morrell suggested that the government should give the BCO 'shitloads of money' to help this happen or, put another way, 'prudent funding links to measurable outcomes'. Terry Farrell talked about his interest in place and his masterplanning work to transform Manchester into a 'knowledge capital'. An 'arc of opportunity' links Salford University in the west through to the Universities of Manchester in the south; it could be that office productivity relates to workforce skills of the sort that universities, uniquely, provide.